To maintain an attractive appearance, you must carefully take care of the skin on your face. This article will explain peeling, one of the most effective and sought after procedures for skin care.

Peeling at home

Peeling is a procedure that eliminates the upper, often keratinized, layer of skin on the face. The main purpose is to rejuventate the tissues, by removing the dead outer layer. Obviously, this process will improve the quality and appearance of the skin.

History of Peeling

Since ancient Egypt and ancient Asia, people have been cleansing the skin to remove dead cells. During those times, the most important active substance for skin cleansing was wine or tartaric acid. At some point, this procedure was named “peeling.” The service is very popular in modern life and can be done at a cosmetologists office or at home.

What is peeling used for?

Peeling can be used for many different reasons, including, but not limited to:

  • Treatment of excessive pigmentation, as well as age related and solar keratosis;
  • Treatment of acne, post-acne, pimple, and dilated pores;
  • Smoothing of the skin surface and removal of scarring;
  • To prevent age-related changes, reduce wrinkles, and restore skin tone;
  • To remove dry and dead skin

Types of Peeling

Peeling can be differentiated by how they are done and what level of the skin they are designed to help most.

  • Superficial – affecting the stratum corneum of the epidermis;
  • Median – affecting the area between the epidermis and the capillary dermis;
  • Deep – affecting the deep layers of the reticular dermis.

There are also different ways to carry out the peeling:

Laser peeling. Using a laser is a very effective way to eliminate fine wrinkles, pigment spots, or traces of acne. A significant advantage is the ability to be able to use the laser in very sensitive areas, such as around the eyes. The laser removes the uppermost thin layer of the skin. Facial resurfacing using a laser is a completely medical operation and can only be performed in a clinic or hospital, using local anaesthesia. After the session, you will need time to restore the skin, average about a month for regeneration. If the session is not intense, the recovery can be in as little as 2-3 days.

Physical peeling. Ultraviolet light or steam are used to help with peeling. A UV lamp or special salon steamer are used to carry out these peelings. These tools make the dead skin easier to remove.

Chemical peeling. This process entails using chemical substances to actively clean the epidermis. These cleaning agents are mineral complexes, with bases of alpha-hydroxyl acids or clay. Cleansing is supplemented with an exfoliation of the layers of the epidermis, which helps to accelerate the production of collagen. This improves the tone and normalizes the elasticity of the skin. If the peeling is carried out with acids, then their effects will be neutralized in the future. The main advantage of chemical peeling is its deep impact on the treated areas, thereby providing a longer lasting result. It is extremely important that chemical treatments are performed by a highly qualified cosmetologists using high quality cosmetics.

According to the technology, the chemical face peeling can be divided into:

  • Peeling with AHA-acids. Alphahydroxyl (or fruit) acids. AHA peeling is designed to prevent wilting and age-related skin changes. It is easy, effective and, most importantly, gentle on the skin. Fruit acids are used to treat problematic skin prone to fat deposits or blemishing. Naturally, this procedure is carried out by a cosmetologist, who will determine how many sessions a client should complete, the interval between them and the concentration of the fruit acid mixture.
  • Peeling with glycolic acid. This peeling has a good effect on controlling small facial wrinkles (including around the eyes) and is also well suited for rejuvenation.
  • TSA peeling. A type of medial peeling, trichloroacetic acid peeling is aimed at eliminating scars, marks, and fine wrinkles. This type of peeling should be performed at a good beauty salon. The recovery period lasts about a month and you must comply with the prescribed post treatment plan or you could risk injury.

Mechanical peeling. Using a hard or semi-soft material, the keratinized layers of skin are removed abrasively. The most popular types of mechanical peeling are microdermabrasion and brushing.

  • Microdermabrasion can only be done with special equipment. The surface of the skin is treated with small crystals of aluminium oxide, which are ejected at a certain pressure. This kind of grinding removes several upper layers of skin, thereby levelling the surface and eliminating shallow wrinkles and scars. This type of treatment is usually desired to get a smooth complexion and you should perform a regimen of 10 procedures, for the best results.
  • Brushing is often used in salons to renew the skin. The upper layers of the skin are treated with special brushes, strictly along the massage lines. It is a painless and gentle procedure that can be done quite frequently.

Ultrasonic peeling. It allows for accelerated metabolic processes and normalizes protein synthesis, improving the overall complexion. Its key advantage is how gentle a procedure it is.

Retinol peeling, using reinolic acid. This peeling reduces the production of sebum and appearance of acne, eliminates pigmentation spots, and has a pronounced exfoliating effect. Retinol is a fat-soluble substance that accelerates new cell growth, leading to rapid renewal and regeneration of the skin.

When performing a retinol peeling, it is very important to accurately choose the concentration of the acid and frequency of performance. The results are directly dependent on the cosmetologist’s ability to perform the procedure. This is one of the few peelings that has a contraindication, for women that are pregnant.

Almond peeling. This is a superficial peeling, using a 50% concentrated mandelic acid. It can be done at any time of the year and is used for exfoliation, softening, and moisturizing the skin. Almond peeling is helpful for those suffering from rosacea. For best results, you should complete a regimen.

Enzyme and fruit peeling. While it targets the superficial layer, it provides a deep cleaning to this level and will prevent age-related changes. It will lighten pigmentation spots, eliminate oily and glossy skin, and prevent post-acne scars.

Fruit acids include apple and grape (anti-aging effect) and lemon (lightening effect). Also used are salicylic (anti-inflammatory effect), dairy (moisturizing effect) and glycolic (exfoliating effect) acids. Enzymes from papaya and figs are also used, contributing to faster cell renewal. Peeling with fruit enzymes can be done once a week, because it is safe and painless. When using salicylic or citric acid, you can feel light or medium tingling, depending on the sensitivity of your skin, but do not be alarmed.

Enzyme-fruit peeling can be done at home.

Peeling at home – easy!

For years now, more and more people are doing peeling in their own homes. When done weekly, it is quite effective at exfoliation, fighting oily skin, smoothing the skin tone, and preventing age-related changes.

The use of natural fruit and lactic acids allows you to achieve the desired effect at home while not burning a hole in your wallet. Often, peeling can be done with what’s already in your refrigerator.

Natural ingredients suitable for peeling at home include, but are not limited to, apples, bananas, blackberries, buttermilk, cherries, sour cream, fatty creams, grapefruit, unripe grapes, lime, nectarine, orange, pears, pineapple juice (and its flesh), papaya , raspberry, strawberry, sugar, tomatoes, willow bark extract and low-fat yogurt.

You can use the recipes listed below or try to create your own beauty formula.

Papaya and gelatin – removes dead skin cells.

You will need the following ingredients: 1 fresh papaya, 1 packet of instant gelatin, and 3 tablespoons of mineral water.

To prepare, peel and de-seed the papaya, mashing it to a pulp. Strain it through a cheesecloth, as you will only need the juice. Pour the gelatin and mineral water into a sauce pan, bringing it to a low heat until it is all dissolved. Do not boil. Add the papaya juice and wait for the mixture to thicken and cool, so it does not burn the skin.

To perform the peeling, you will first need to clean the skin of the face and neck with a brush or spatula, without affecting the area around the eyes and lips. Place the mixture on your face, and lay down and relax for approximately 15-20 minutes. Remove the hardened mask and remove any remnants with warm water, and then with cool water. Dab dry the skin with a clean towel to finish.

Tomato, orange, lime, and gelatin – restores the pH of the skin.

Orange juice removes dead skin cells, while tomato juice normalizes the pH level and eliminates small skin defects.

You will need the following ingredients: 1 fresh tomato, 1 tablespoon fresh orange juice, 1 tablespoon fresh lime juice, 1 packet of instant gelatin, and half a cup of water.

To prepare, mix the gelatin, water, and fruit acids together, allowing it to dissolve over a low heat. Do not boil. Remove the skin of the tomato and make a puree with the remainder and add it to the mixture. When the mixture thickens and cools, you may apply it.

To perform the peeling, follow the guidelines posted above for the papaya peeling.

Cucumber, aloe vera, chamomile, green tea, and gelatin

This mixture is great for sensitive skin. The chamomile and green tea soothe and tone, while the aloe vera and cucumber nourish and moisturize.

You will need the following ingredients: 1 small cucumber, half a cup of green tea, half a cup of chamomile broth, 1 packet of instant gelatin, and 1 tablespoon of aloe vera pulp.

To prepare, peel and remove the seeds from the cucumber, making a puree with the remainder. Strain the green and chamomile tea and mix it all together. Take a half cup of this mixture, and add it to the gelatin, until it is all dissolved. Add the pulp from the aloe vera, stir, and allow the mixture to cool.

To perform the peeling, follow the guidelines posted above for the papaya peeling.

Papaya, pineapple, and honey

The enzymes from the pineapple and papaya remove keratinized skin cells. Honey is an antiseptic and moisturizes the skin.

You will need the following ingredients: 1 cup of fresh pineapple pulp, half cup of fresh papaya, and 1 tablespoon of honey.

To prepare, mash the pineapple and papaya and mix with honey.

To perform the peeling, follow the guidelines posted above for the papaya peeling. Apply your favorite cream.

Strawberry, grape, honey, and thick cream

Strawberries and grapes are an excellent source of natural acids.

You will need the following ingredients: 1/4 cup of fresh strawberries; 1/4 cup of fresh sour grapes; 1 tablespoon of honey; and 2 tablespoons of thick cream.

To prepare, warm the honey into a liquid state. Make a puree from the strawberries and (seedless) grapes and mix all of the ingredients together.

To perform the peeling, follow the guidelines posted above for the papaya peeling.

Contraindications for all types of peeling

  • Exacerbated skin diseases;
  • Herpes;
  • Hypersensitive skin;
  • Open wounds or burns

A few tips and general recommendations

  • Exfoliation should be done regularly
  • Mechanical exfoliation should not be too intense, especially around the eyes.
  • After peeling, you need to moisturize the skin with a quality cream.
  • Exfoliation has an anti-cellulite effect on the body
  • If you have dry and/or thin skin, peeling should be done no more than once a month.
  • If you have oil skin, peeling should be done once every 7 to 10 days
  • Intense acne outbreaks are a contraindication to peeling
  • When peeling at home, place a small amount of your mixture on the inner wrist to check for a possible allergy.