Every year cosmetic and pharmaceutical companies introduce hundreds of new skincare products onto the market. According to the advertisements, these products are supposed to give the skin its youth back, help get rid of acne, make the skin more fresh, firm, etc. Are they telling the truth? And what are the best products that the proper skincare routine should consist of?
To use cosmetic products properly, it is important to know the structure of the skin and understand how its cells interact with the specific ingredients the skincare products carry. Only in this way you can keep your skin young and healthy for a long time.
The second point to make here is all about choosing the right cosmetic products. Knowing how your skin works, you will be able to find the right treatment for your skin type, without paying attention to advertising, pushy salespeople, and marketers. The most important thing is to always carefully read the list of ingredients!
In this article, we will tell you all about the most common ingredients that the majority of creams, lotions, serums and other facial skincare products consist of. We will also explain how to use these cosmetic products properly. A step-by-step guide to proper skincare will help keep your skin young and healthy for a long time. How long can you keep your skin young? It all depends on your diligence and perseverance.
So we begin an exciting journey to a healthy and well taken care of skin. You will learn what processes occur inside of it over time, learn how to choose the right cosmetic products, based on the individual characteristics of your appearance.
Anatomy of the skin on your face
Let’s try to talk about the structure of the skin in simplest and easy-to-digest way.
So, what kind of processes occur inside your skin and how can you slow down its aging?
If you were to look at your skin under a microscope, it would look like a bunch of bricks glued together with a help of a solution. “Bricks” are dead cells (stratum corneum), and the “solution” are lipids, which help retain moisture in the upper layers of the skin and maintain its smoothness and softness.
With age, the layer of dead cells grows thicker, while the lipids, on the contrary, grow thinner. As a result, the skin becomes rougher and loses its healthy glow.
Below the dead cells, there is a layer, called epidermis. Its upper part consists of the squamous cells, while the lower – of the basal cells. The skin of adolescent girls is characterized by its dense epidermis. After 20 years, it grows thinner. But you can strengthen the epidermis if you use lipid-replenishing moisturizing creams.
Immediately below the layer of the epidermis is another layer of skin, called the dermis. It consists of liquid and fibrous cells. Fibrous structures are represented by collagen and elastin. The younger the person, the more fibers his or her skin has. When the skin is young, collagen and elastin have a more dense texture, making the skin more elastic and smooth than the mature skin. Closer to maturity, the fibers become thinner and lose their density. It is then the first wrinkles start to appear – patches of skin with the impaired derma fibers’ quality and resembling furrows. The thinner the frame of fibers, the faster the skin begins to age and sag.
Another thing that can be found in dermis layer is the hyaluronic acid. The younger the skin, the more hyaluronic acid it contains. This acid helps retain moisture, makes the skin denser, protects it from wrinkles and age-related sagging. With age, the concentration of hyaluronic acid decreases.
As you can see, the main age-related changes occur inside the dermis, while most of the creams, masks, and lotions affect only the epidermis layer. At first glance it may seem that we are fighting a losing battle. It’s true: aging is a natural and inevitable process. But what we can do is prolong the skin’s youth, repair the damage that has been made to its upper layers and protect it from the aggressive and harsh environment outside. All this can be done with the help of modern cosmetic products and treatments.
It is the content of collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid that should be the most important factor when choosing a cream, a mask, lotion or serum supposed to provide a rejuvenating effect.
When developing a personalized skincare routine, always set goals for yourself that you would like to achieve.
- Restore the previous levels of the epidermis’ living cells.
- Reduce the content of stratum corneum.
- Replenish the skin’s water balance.
- Increase the reserves of hyaluronic acid.
- Improve the synthesis of collagen and elastin.
When buying cosmetic products, it is important to choose the right ingredients in the right proportions. How you can do that will be explained in the articles to come. Follow the publications on our website!