Compared to other organs of the human body, skin is significantly more exposed to the environmental factors. Sunlight, polluted atmosphere, hard water and various other factors responsible for a vast range of issues affect your skin cover. Your skin loses moisture, which is vital and becomes damaged. Therefore, if you want to keep your skin young and good-looking for as long as possible, proper skin care is essential. However, the exact combination of things to do and skin care tips which would suit you depend on the skin type and the issues that you face. It is important to be aware of the human skin functions to provide it with a proper care.

Skin structure

Skin is composed of three layers. They are epidermis (or epiderm), dermis and hypodermis (adipose tissue). A more detailed description is helpful for better understanding of the functions each skin layer is responsible for and how they interact.

Epidermis layer is the uppermost and the thinnest skin layer. It comprises five cellular layers generally responsible for various skin functions. Epidermis contains melanin which makes your skin tan when exposed to the sunlight and determines your natural skin colour as well.

Dermis is a layer consisting of connective tissue. Basically, it’s skin as it is. Dermis contains perspiratory and oily glands, blood vessels, nerve endings, receptors and hair follicles. Most of the age-related transformations processes, which human skin is subject to, take place within this layer.

Hypodermis layer or adipose tissue is responsible for storing and accumulating nutrients essential for the human body.

Perspiratory glands help to eliminate and partly drain water-soluble wastes. Oily glands produce fat which hydrates your skin surface preventing it from excess dryness and cracking. Most of the skin issues are attributed to the disruptions in the functioning of the oily and perspiratory glands.

The importance of skin care

Skin care is a range of procedures aimed at purification, hydration and keeping your skin in good condition. Every person takes care of their skin at various levels. It can be the use of an ordinary soap and a cream or include more significant procedures like prevention of age-related changes.

Many people representing various walks of life are interested to learn about skin care tips. The desire to look well and remain confident in one’s attractiveness is completely normal for any person.

Skin care procedures

Cleansing, exfoliation, hydration and the use of sunscreen are the most effective and popular methods of facial skin care which allow to achieve a maximum positive result.

Step 1. Cleansing

Cleansing procedure is the most important part of the skin care complex. Skin covers need to be cleansed to wash makeup away and remove pollutants from the skin pores.

This requires you to select a quality cleansing product which your skin won’t be allergic to and which won’t cause irritation. You should keep to the brand you have chosen or find a product featuring a similar content.

Specialists recommend avoiding soap as it causes dehydration of your skin. French beauty specialist Ron Berg mentioned in his book Beauty that “soap has to be applied to the skin below your neck only.”

It’s also advisable to use a cleansing cream without water. You can combine several options, like washing your makeup away with special products for makeup removal and use a small amount of a cleansing product containing micellar water after it. If you use regular water, it should be lukewarm. You must not wash your face with water which is hot or too cold as it might have a detrimental effect on the functioning of your capillaries and oily glands.

Morning cleansing includes a gentle washing of your face with warm water. It should be enough to remove excess skin oil which was produced during your night sleep.

Step 2. Exfoliation

Scrub works in a way that allows removing the upper layer of dead cells which make your skin look dull. The majority of specialists in the field of cosmetology recommend peeling once a week to make your skin glowing all year round.

Oftentimes, people miss out on the procedure of peeling. Should you start to peel your skin properly, you will see the difference very fast. According to Ron Berg, one of the reasons why male skin frequently looks younger than female skin is regular removal of the dead skin during shaving.

There are two major exfoliation methods: microdermabrasion and chemical peeling.

When using scrub for exfoliation you should choose gentle products containing tiny grains. Bigger particles contained in cheaper scrubs might affect the integrity of your skin triggering inflammation or causing an infection.

The effect produced by a chemical peeling is aimed at the elimination of toughened skin layer through the use of acids (preferably fruit ones). Surface peeling is made once a year. Medium-intensity peeling should be performed 2-6 times over the lifetime. Deep peeling should take place three times over the lifetime.

Step 3. Hydration

Regardless of its type (dry, regular, oily, or mixed), human skin requires regular hydration. The only exception is when the skin is treated for acne.

Does the area around your eyes require nutrition? It certainly does. Human skin in this area has almost no fatty tissue. It’s very thin and prone to age-related changes. Special creams for skin around your eyes help to recover its turgor by compensating for the lack of moisture.

Step 4. Use of sunscreen

Sunscreen is another vital part of facial skin care. Aggressive impact of sunlight causes wrinkles, pigment spots and other skin issues. Specialists recommend using sunscreen starting from the early years of your life, even during the winter season and on cloudy days. You should use a sunscreen of a broad spectrum and SPF of no lower than 15.

General recommendations

Healthy diet –a well-balanced diet helps to keep your skin healthy.

Sleep. You should sleep 7-9 hours every night in a completely dark room. It’s important to have a convenient pillow and ensure that your bedroom is ventilated well.

Body detoxification. Timely removal of toxins helps to keep your skin young.

Emotions. Stress causes skin rash, irritation and premature wrinkles. Try not to frown and not to move your eyebrows towards your nose bone.

Exercises. Deep breathing facilitates better supply of oxygen to the organs of your body (including skin).

Skin care should be regular with regards to special requirements of your body.