Cosmetic masks and their types

Various cosmetic masks are great assets for home beauty procedures. With the regular treatment with masks, you will be able to get rid of various skin imperfections, making the skin healthier and more beautiful.

Mask preparation follows one main principle, that they should only be prepared immediately before their use and can’t be stored for a long time, without spoiling. Before you apply any mask, you need to thoroughly clean your face. You should use a gel or foam for cleansing the face, and once a week, you should do a scrub.

Your face should remain relaxed and motionless during the time the mask is on your face, until it is removed.

To obtain the best results, you should do masks once or twice a week, creating a regular regimen for a few weeks. The optimal number of masks is 15-20, over the course of 10-15 weeks.

The mask should be kept on the face for 15 to 30 minutes, depending on the composition of the mask. They should be applied to the face, in a very strict way, following the massage lines:

  • From the base of the nose to the ear
  • From the middle of the forehead to the temples
  • From the chin upwards towards the temples
  • From the upper lip towards the ear

When it is time to wash the mask off, it should be done with warm water, using a cotton pad or rag, and should be gently done.

In cosmetology, the following masks are common.

Wax masks

Wax masks utilize wax, lanolin, paraffin, or other wax like materials.

To apply to the face, the wax should be preheated and then immediately applied to the face with a special cosmetic spatula. The mask should be left on until the wax completely solidifies on the face. Wax helps to clean the skin, by creating a sauna effect. It increases the blood circulation in the face and produces sweat, which removes waste materials from the sweat glands. The waste materials are picked up by the wax and will be removed with the wax when the mask is removed.

Gel masks

Gel masks can come in artificial or natural ingredient forms, or with a mixed hydrocolloid solution, with a very viscous consistency. Gel masks are applied to smooth fine wrinkles.

Pasty masks

Pasty masks have a base of bentonite or other various types of clay. Before use, the dry clay powder is dissolved in a liquid, usually water, to create a moist clay. Other categories of pasty masks include kaolin and mud compresses.

The application of a pasty mask is very similar to the wax mask. With clean skin, you apply the clay to the surface of the skin, and wait approximately 10 minutes for the mask to harden. Once it is hard, the ask should be left for 5 to 7 minutes, at which point it should be removed. Pasty masks narrow the pores and cleanse the skin very well.

Liquid masks

Liquid masks are made from egg whites, alginic acid, Arabic gum, cellulose, polyvinylpyrrolidone, gelatin, and liquid base. The liquid base can be either water or a water-alcohol mixture. They can also sometimes be made with a latex base.

Liquid masks can be applied to the face, as well as the rest of the body. This has a similar effect as the other masks, creating thermal insulation, since water vapour is not able to pass through the mask. This allows water to remain in the upper layers of the skin, creating a moisturizing effect, while also allowing for the expansion of the blood vessels and leading to an increase in blood flow to the skin. This mask is very good for rejuvenation.

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