Aesthetic eyelid lift (blepharoplasty) is an excellent way to look better.
Here are the most common reasons for undergoing blepharoplasty:
- Overhanging skin on the upper eyelid.
- Flabby skin of the eyelids that interfere with how much you see.
- Anatomic swelling under the eyebrows, making the face look tired.
- Sagging of the lower eyelids.
- Bags under the eyes and dark circles.
Plastic surgery can solve these problems. But sometimes you can do this without blepharoplasty. For example, if the sagging of the upper eyelid is accompanied by the sagging of the superciliary arches, a forehead lift is recommended. If you have crow’s feet under your eyes, then botox injections, laser resurfacing or chemical peeling will help. Each case requires an individual approach.
Effectiveness of eyelid lifts
Blepharoplasty is an effective operation. The healing process takes several weeks and results can be seen at the end of this period, with scars healing completely after a few months. The healing speed depends on the genetic and anatomical characteristics of the patient, as well as their lifestyle.
Fat removal from the upper eyelid is a single operation. However, with age, the skin grows old and loses its tone causing the upper eyelid to sag once again. In this case, you may need to re-adjust, but this happens very rarely. The large majority of patients are satisfied with the results of the operation for many years.
Plastic surgeon consultation
At the initial consultation, the surgeon listens carefully to the patient’s complaints, inquires in detail about his expectations and determines how realistic they are.
The patient should come to their first visit with his medical records including a full history of illnesses and info on previous surgical interventions, chronic illnesses, drug intolerance, etc. All this is necessary to determine contraindications. Therefore in patients with diabetes, thyroid gland diseases, hypertension, etc., blepharoplasty is not allowed.
Also, the plastic surgeon is obliged to be notified about the patient’s allergies, especially if it affects the condition of the eyes. In addition, the patient should tell the doctor about the presence of “dry eye syndrome”, eye problems, the need to wear contact lenses, etc.
How is blepharoplasty done?
There are several techniques for blepharoplasty. The choice of technique is strictly individual and depends on a number of factors: the amount of fat in the operated region, the state of the facial muscles, the position of the eyebrows and other anatomical features.
Blepharoplasty on the upper eyelids
The surgery is done in the natural fold of the upper eyelid so it is completely invisible. Through this incision, excess fat and skin is removed, which is the cause of ugly folds and sagging.
Blepharoplasty on the lower eyelids
The surgeon makes a cut under the lower eyelashes. Through this incision, excess skin and fat are removed, or distributed more evenly. Other corrective manipulations are also performed this way. For example, the elimination of muscle weakness.
Since the cut is made on a natural line, it is absolutely invisible to others.
Sometimes excess fat is pumped from the inside of the lower eyelid. This method does not require an external incision, but it does not remove excess skin. To quickly tighten the skin on the lower eyelid, a laser is sometimes used.
Complications after blepharoplasty are extremely rare. But before the operation begins, the surgeon is obliged to warn the patient about possible risks.
The following is a list of potential complications (1-2% of all cases).
- Hematomas (hemorrhages under the skin).
- Infection of the postoperative wound.
- Temporary loss of skin sensitivity.
- Keloid scars.
- Damage to deep layers of the skin. In this case, additional aesthetic procedures are shown.
- Malfunctioning eyelid. You can only correct this with the help of an additional operation.
To minimise risks, the patient must strictly follow the surgeon’s instructions both before and after surgery. This is especially true during healing, which will take several months. The exact time of recovery cannot be predicted. It depends on the individual.
Recovery period: recommendations
In the first few days after the operation, it is not recommended to perform sharp head movements. To soothe irritated skin, apply cold compresses, if your doctor allows this. Pain sensations and discomfort are removed by analgesics.
In the first 48 hours after blepharoplasty, edema and bruising is normal. The swelling will go away after a few weeks. A week after surgery, the doctor removes the stitches.
Within a few days, a strong susceptibility to light, burning and itching in the eyelid area is likely. Vision may appear blurry but will stop within a week. If necessary, the doctor prescribes eye drops. To reduce sensitivity to the sun, the patient should wear sunglasses for several weeks.
During the entire recovery period, the patient should visit the surgeon at regular intervals so he can observe the healing process.